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欧盟市场上的纳米颜料物质清单
查看: 日期:2018-09-20

      颜料(pigments)是不溶性的化学物质,既有有机物也有无机物,它们被用于在欧盟市场上为不同的产品提供色彩。它们由多种化学物质组成,其中许多是纳米物质。色素颗粒的大小对这些色素的性质起着重要的作用。 

      纳米材料,如用于染色玻璃的胶体金颗粒已经使用了数百年,在欧洲许多历史建筑的彩色玻璃窗中都可以找到。纳米颜料可以用于许多产品,如绘画颜料、涂料、印刷油墨和化妆品。

      哪种颜料是纳米材料的表征,是一般纳米材料的重要科学和法规挑战。在欧盟市场上的颜料(包括纳米级颜料)受到不同法规的监管,包括reach法规,以及欧盟化妆品和食品等相关法规。

欧盟市场纳米颜料物质清单

      
      euon委任进行的一项研究调查了在消费品中使用纳米级颜料的安全性,以及专业人员和工人使用纳米级颜料时的安全性。

      这份物质清单包含81种物质,信息来源包括来自欧洲化学品管理局(echa)reach注册数据库,公布的比利时和法国国家物质清单,目前欧盟化妆品纳米材料目录。还使用了丹麦产品注册数据库。

序号

名称

reach数据

cas

注册吨位统计(t/a)

专业用途professional use

消费者用途consumer use

1

二氧化钛

titanium dioxide

13463-67-7

1,000,000

2

金红石(tio2)

rutile (tio2)

1317-80-2

10,000- 100,000

 

3

氧化铁黄

iron hydroxide oxide yellow

51274-00-1

100,000- 1,000,000

4

三氧化二铁/氧化铁(iii)

diiron trioxide / iron (iii) oxide

1309-37-1, 7439-89-6

100,000-1,000,000

5

氧化锌

zinc oxide

1314-13-2, 7440-66-6

100,000- 1,000,000

6

铁锰黑

manganese ferrite black spinel

68186-94-7

1,000- 10,000

7

二氧化硅

silicon dioxide

7631-86-9, 112926-00-8

1,000,000

8

三氧化二铁

iron manganese trioxide

12062-81-6

1,000-10,000

9

氧化铝

aluminium oxide

1344-28-1

10,000,000

10

颜料黄150

 (2e)-10,12-dioxa-2,3,6,8,14,16-hexaaza-11-nickelatricyclo[11.4.0.04,9]heptadeca-1(13),2,4(9)-triene-5,7,15,17-tetrone; 1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine

-

100-1,000

11

碳酸钙

calcium carbonate

471-34-1, 7440-70-2

1,000,000-10,000,000

12

硫酸钡

barium sulphate

7727-43-7

10,000-100,000

13

炭黑

carbon black

1333-86-4

1,000,000

14

钴蓝

cobalt aluminate blue spinel

1345-16-0

1,000-10,000

 

15

钒酸铋

bismuth vanadium tetraoxide

14059-33-7

1,000-10,000

16

颜料蓝15:3

29h,31h-phthalocyaninato(2-)-n29,n30,n31,n32 copper

147-14-8

10,000-100,000

17

颜料红122

5,12-dihydro-2,9-dimethylquino-[2,3-b]acridine-7,14-dione

980-26-7

1,000-10,000

18

5,12-二氢喹啉并[2,3-b]吖啶-7,14-二酮

5,12-dihydroquino[2,3-b]acridine-7,14-dione

1047-16-1

1,000-10,000

19

耐晒青莲色淀

4-[(4-aminophenyl)[4-(methylimino)cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene]methyl]aniline

1325-82-2

not registered

 

 

20

酞菁绿g

polychloro copper phthalocyanine

1328-53-6

1,000-10,000

21

耐晒黄g

2-[(4-methyl-2-nitrophenyl)azo]-3-oxo-n-phenylbutyramide

2512-29-0

100-1,000

22

颜料红170

4-[[4-(aminocarbonyl)phenyl]azo]-n-(2-ethoxyphenyl)-3-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxamide

2786-76-7

1,000-10,000

23

颜料红4

1-[(2-chloro-4-nitrophenyl)azo]-2-naphthol

2814-77-9

100-1,000

24

颜料橙5

1-[(2,4-dinitrophenyl)azo]-2-naphthol

3468-63-1

100-1,000

25

永固橘黄g

4,4'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[2,4-dihydro-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3h-pyrazol-3-one]

3520-72-7

100-1,000

26

颜料红177

4,4'-diamino[1,1'-bianthracene]-9,9',10,10'-tetraone

4051-63-2

100-1,000

27

还原橙7

bisbenzimidazo[2,1-b:2',1'-i]benzo[lmn][3,8]phenanthroline-8,17-dione

4424-06-0

10–100

 

28

颜料黄13

2,2'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[n-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-3-oxobutyramide]

5102-83-0

1,000-10,000

29

颜料红48:4

manganese, 4-[(5-chloro-4-methyl-2-sulfophenyl)azo]-3-hydroxy-2-naphthalenecarboxylic acid complex

5280-66-0

100-1,000

30

颜料红146

n-(4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-hydroxy-4-[[2-methoxy-5-[(phenylamino)carbonyl]phenyl]azo]naphthalene-2-carboxamide

5280-68-2

100-1,000

31

颜料黄14

2,2'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[n-(2-methylphenyl)-3-oxobutyramide]

5468-75-7

1,000-10,000

32

颜料黄83

2,2'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[n-(4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-oxobutyramide]

5567-15-7

1,000-10,000

33

颜料黄 93

3,3'-[(2-chloro-5-methyl-p-phenylene)bis[imino(1-acetyl-2-oxoethylene)azo]]bis[4-chloro-n-(3-chloro-o-tolyl)benzamide]

5580-57-4

100-1,000

34

颜料红2

4-[(2,5-dichlorophenyl)azo]-3-hydroxy-n-phenylnaphthalene-2-carboxamide

6041-94-7

1,000-10,000

35

颜料紫23

2,20-dichloro-13,31-diethyl-4,22-dioxa-13,18,31,36-tetraazanonacyclo

[19.15.0.0³,¹.0.0.0,¹².0²³,³.0²,³².0²]

hexatriaconta-1(36),2,5,7(12),8,10,14,16,18,20,23(35),24(32),25,27,29,33-hexadecaene

215247-95-3

1,000-10,000

 

 

36

颜料黄74

2-[(2-methoxy-4-nitrophenyl)azo]-n-(2-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxobutyramide

6358-31-2

 

37

颜料红12

3-hydroxy-4-[(2-methyl-4-nitrophenyl)azo]-n-(o-tolyl)naphthalene-2-carboxamide

6410-32-8

1,000-10,000

38

颜料红5

n-(5-chloro-2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-4-[[5-[(diethylamino)sulphonyl]-2-methoxyphenyl]azo]-3-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxamide

6410-41-9

10–100

无用途上报

无用途上报

39

颜料红112

3-hydroxy-n-(o-tolyl)-4-[(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)azo]naphthalene-2-carboxamide

6535-46-2

10–100

无用途上报

无用途上报

40

颜料棕 25

4-[(2,5-dichlorophenyl)azo]-n-(2,3-dihydro-2-oxo-1h-benzimidazol-5-yl)-3-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxamide

6992-11-6

1,000-10,000

41

颜料红48:2

calcium 4-[(5-chloro-4-methyl-2-sulphonatophenyl)azo]-3-hydroxy-2-naphthoate

7023-61-2

10–100

无用途上报

无用途上报

42

颜料红48:1

barium 4-[(5-chloro-4-methyl-2-sulphonatophenyl)azo]-3-hydroxy-2-naphthoate

7585-41-3

1,000-10,000

43

颜料黄73

2-[(4-chloro-2-nitrophenyl)azo]-n-(2-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxobutyramide

13515-40-7

100-1,000

44

颜料红48:3

strontium 4-[(5-chloro-4-methyl-2-sulphonatophenyl)azo]-3-hydroxy-2-naphthoate (1:1)

15782-05-5

100-1,000

45

颜料橙34

4,4'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[2,4-dihydro-5-methyl-2-(p-tolyl)-3h-pyrazol-3-one]

15793-73-4

100-1,000

46

颜料黄138

3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-n-[2-(4,5,6,7-tetrachloro-2,3-dihydro-1,3-dioxo-1h-inden-2-yl)-8-quinolyl]phthalimide

30125-47-4

100-1,000

47

颜料黄 175

dimethyl 2-[[1-[[(2,3-dihydro-2-oxo-1h-benzimidazol-5-yl)amino]carbonyl]-2-oxopropyl]azo]terephthalate

35636-63-6

100-1,000

48

颜料黄139

5,5'-(1h-isoindole-1,3(2h)-diylidene)dibarbituric acid

36888-99-0

10-100

无用途上报

无用途上报

49

颜料红 266

4-[[4-(aminocarbonyl)phenyl]azo]-3-hydroxy-n-(2-methoxyphenyl)naphthalene-2-carboxamide

36968-27-1

1,000-10,000

50

颜料橙62

n-(2,3-dihydro-2-oxo-1h-benzimidazol-5-yl)-2-[(4-nitrophenyl)azo]-3-oxobutyramide

52846-56-7

10-100

51

颜料红188

methyl 4-[[(2,5-dichlorophenyl)amino]carbonyl]-2-[[2-hydroxy-3-[[(2-methoxyphenyl)amino]carbonyl]-1-naphthyl]azo]benzoate

61847-48-1

10-100

无用途上报

无用途上报

52

颜料黄154

n-(2,3-dihydro-2-oxo-1h-benzimidazol-5-yl)-3-oxo-2-[[2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]azo]butyramide

68134-22-5

100-1,000

53

颜料黄 155

tetramethyl 2,2'-[1,4-phenylenebis[imino(1-acetyl-2-oxoethane-1,2-diyl)azo]]bisterephthalate

68516-73-4

100-1,000

54

颜料橙 64

5-[(2,3-dihydro-6-methyl-2-oxo-1h-benzimidazol-5-yl)azo]barbituric acid

72102-84-2

100-1,000

55

颜料黄 181

n-[4-(aminocarbonyl)phenyl]-4-[[1-[[(2,3-dihydro-2-oxo-1h-benzimidazol-5-yl)amino]carbonyl]-2-oxopropyl]azo]benzamide

74441-05-7

100-1,000

56

颜料黄180

2,2'-[ethylenebis(oxyphenyl-2,1-eneazo)]bis[n-(2,3-dihydro-2-oxo-1h-benzimidazol-5-yl)-3-oxobutyramide

77804-81-0

100-1,000

57

颜料黄128

3,3'-[(2-chloro-5-methyl-p-phenylene)bis[imino(1-acetyl-2-oxoethylene)azo]]bis[4-chloro-n-[2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]benzamide]

79953-85-8

100-1,000

58

颜料红 254

3,6-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-1h,2h,4h,5h-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione

-

10-100

59

颜料红264

3,6-bis(4-phenylphenyl)-1h,2h,4h,5h-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione

-

1,000-10,000.

60

颜料红184

n-(4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-hydroxy-4-[(e)-2-[2-methoxy-5-(phenylcarbamoyl)phenyl]diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-2-carboxamide; n-(5-chloro-2-methylphenyl)-3-hydroxy-4-[(e)-2-[2-methoxy-5-(phenylcarbamoyl)phenyl]diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-2-carboxamide

-

10-100

61

颜料蓝1

ethanaminium, n-[4-[[4-(diethylamino)phenyl][4-(ethylamino)-1-naphthalenyl]methylene]-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ylidene]-nethyl-, molybdatetungstatephosphate

1325-87-7

100-1,000

无用途上报

无用途上报

62

颜料红202

2,9-dichloro-5,12-dihydroquino[2,3-b]acridine-7,14-dione

3089-17-6

not registered

 

 

63

颜料红53:1

barium bis[2-chloro-5-[(2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)azo]toluene-4-sulphonate]

5160-02-1

not registered

 

 

64

颜料红81:5

xanthylium, 9-[2-(ethoxycarbonyl)phenyl]-3,6-bis(ethylamino)-2,7-dimethyl-, molybdatesilicate

63022-06-0

not registered

 

 

65

紫3

benzenamine, n,n-dimethyl-, oxidized, molybdatetungstatephosphates

101357-19-1

not registered

 

 

66

颜料红 9

4-[(2,5-dichlorophenyl)azo]-3-hydroxy-n-(2-methoxyphenyl)naphthalene-2-carboxamide

6410-38-4

not registered

 

 

67

颜料黄3

2-[(4-chloro-2-nitrophenyl)azo]-n-(2-chlorophenyl)-3-oxobutyramide

6486-23-3

0-10

无用途上报

无用途上报

68

碱性紫1

benzenamine, 4-[(4-aminophenyl)(4-imino-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ylidene)methyl]-, n-me derivatives,molybdatephosphates

67989-22-4

100-1,000

69

丁酰胺

butanamide, 2,2'-((3,3'-dichloro(1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'-

diyl)bis(2,1-diazenediyl))bis(n-(2,3-dihydro-2-oxo-1hbenzimidazol-5-yl)-3-oxo-

78245-94-0

not registered

 

 

70

颜料红 176

n-(2,3-dihydro-2-oxo-1h-benzimidazol-5-yl)-3-hydroxy-4-[[2-methoxy-5-[(phenylamino)carbonyl]phenyl]azo]naphthalene-2-carboxamide

12225-06-8

not registered

 

 

71

颜料蓝62

bis[[4-[[4-(diethylamino)phenyl][4-(ethylamino)-1-naphthyl]methylene]cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene]diethylammonium] dicopper(1 ) hexa(cyano-c)ferrate(4-)

82338-76-9

100-1,000

72

颜料棕23

n,n'-(2-chloro-1,4-phenylene)bis[4-[(4-chloro-2-nitrophenyl)azo]-3-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxamide]

35869-64-8

10-100

 

 

73

碱式碳酸铜

copper(ii)-hydroxycarbonate

12069-69-1

100-1,000

74

电熔氧化铬

chromium(iii) oxide

1308-38-9

1,000-10,000

75

颜料红57

disodium 3-hydroxy-4-[(4-methyl-2-sulphonatophenyl)azo]-2-naphthoate

5858-81-1

10,000-100,000

76

颜料红 57:1

calcium 3-hydroxy-4-[(4-methyl-2-sulphonatophenyl)azo]-2-naphthoate

5281-04-9

10-100

77

颜料蓝

prussian blue

14038-43-8

 

 

 

78

四氧化三铁

triiron tetraoxide

1317-61-9

100-1,000

79

silver (ag)

7440-22-4

1,000-10,000

80

gold

7440-57-5

100,000-1,000,000

 

81

copper

7440-50-8

100-1,000




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